Montessori education emphasises the use of manipulative materials that promote hands-on learning and independent exploration.
In contrast, traditional education relies more on rote memorisation and passive learning through textbooks and lectures.
|TRADITIONAL / CONVENTIONAL SYSTEM
|Child follows curriculum
|Curriculum follows child
|Focus on academic work
|Focus on holistic human development
|Rate of progress determined by curriculum
|Rate of progress determined by the child i.e curriculum is developmental
|Curriculum is often segregated
|Curriculum is integrated
|Curriculum is central to education
|Curriculum is an aid to education
|The role of the teacher is to impart knowledge
|The role of the teacher is to observe and support the child in the process of self construction
Overall, Montessori education encourages self-directed learning and the development of critical thinking, problem-solving, and decision-making skills. Traditional education, on the other hand, focuses more on the transmission of knowledge.